نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
1 استادیار گروه حسابداری، دانشکده علوم اقتصادی و اجتماعی، دانشگاه بوعلی سینا، همدان، ایران.
2 دانشجوی دکتری مدیریت بازاریابی، دانشکده علوم انسانی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد همدان، همدان، ایران.
عنوان مقاله [English]
State and local governments provide more than two thirds of highway funding and are responsible for developing and delivering most of our transportation infrastructure. But many of these agencies do not have enough funds to maintain the existing transportation system, let alone expand it. In response, many agencies are looking for public private partnerships (P3s) to allow them to get more done with less. FHWA prepared these series of papers to enable transportation agencies to make informed decisions with respect to P3s by exploring the myths and realities of this complex - but often effective - project finance and delivery approach.
P3s are contractual agreements between a public agency and a private entity that allow greater private sector participation in delivering and financing of transportation projects than other 15 approaches, which are traditionally used. With P3s, private firms take on the risks of some or all of the financing, constructing, operating, and/or maintaining a transportation facility in exchange for a future revenue stream. This is a departure from the traditional model where private contractors construct projects based on a public design using public funding, after which public agencies take responsibility for long-term operations, maintenance, and rehabilitation.