آسیب‌شناسی سیاست‌های اعطای اعتبارات پژوهشی دولتی: موردکاوی سامانه ساتع

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استادیار، گروه سیاست نوآوری و آینده‌نگاری، پژوهشکده مطالعات فناوری، تهران، ایران.

2 استادیار، گروه ارزیابی سیاست‌ها و پایش علم، فناوری و نوآوری، مرکز تحقیقات سیاست علمی کشور، تهران، ایران.

3 استادیار، گروه سیاست علوم و تحقیقات، مرکز تحقیقات سیاست علمی کشور، تهران، ایران

4 گروه سیاست نوآوری و آینده‌نگاری، پژوهشکده مطالعات فناوری، تهران، ایران

چکیده

با توجه اهمیت پژوهش در رشد و توسعه اقتصادی، کشورهای مختلف در تلاش هستند که با استفاده از سیاست‌ها و برنامه‌های مختلف اعتبارات محدود دولتی را به صورت اثربخش به فعالیت‌های پژوهشی اختصاص دهند. یکی از سیاست‌های توزیع اعتبار پژوهشی در کشور بند «و» تبصره 9 ماده واحده قانون بودجه 1401 است که از سال 1397 تا زمان حال در حال اجرا است و با نام سامانه ساتع شناخته می‌شود. با توجه به بازخوردهای ذینفعان، این سیاست از نظر محتوا و فرآیند اجرا دارای چالش‌های متعددی است؛ لذا پژوهش حاضر به دنبال آسیب‌شناسی سیاست مذکور است. در این راستا داده‌ها از طریق بررسی اسناد و گزارش‌های موجود و همچنین مصاحبه با ده نفر از ذینفعان گردآوری و با استفاده از تکنیک تحلیل مضمون تحلیل شد. در نهایت هجده چالش در دو بخش محتوای سیاست (هفت مورد) و فرآیند اجرا (یازده مورد) استخراج شدند. از جمله مهم‌ترین چالش‌های می‌توان به «خُرد کردن اعتبارپژوهشی نهادهای مشمول از طریق تقسیم آن به دو بخش شصت-چهل درصد» و «عدم نظارت بر فرآیند انتخاب مجری نهایی» اشاره کرد. افزایش سهم هزینه‌ای که بنگاه‌ها باید از طریق این سامانه ساتع هزینه کنند و همچنین فراهم کردن زمینه بهره‌مندی از ظرفیت کارگزارهای تبادل فناوری از جمله پیشنهادهایی هستند که به اصلاح این سیاست کمک می‌کنند.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Pathology of Granting Government Research Funds Policies: A Case study of the SATE

نویسندگان [English]

  • arman khaledi 1
  • Mahdi Pakzad Bonab 2
  • Shohreh Nasri 3
  • Seyyedhamed Mazarei 4
1 Assistant Prof., Technology Studies Institute, Tehran, Iran
2 Assistant Prof., National Research Institute for Science Policy, Tehran, Iran.
3 Assistant Prof., National Research Institute for Science Policy, Tehran, Iran.
4 Technology Studies Institute, Tehran, Iran.
چکیده [English]

Given the importance of research in the economic growth and development of countries, various countries strive to allocate limited government funds to research activities effectively, using different policies. One of the policies for distributing research funds in the country is clause "6" of paragraph 9 of article 1 of the 1401 budget law, which has been since 2018, It is Known as the Sate system. Based on stockholders' feedback, the policy mentioned above faces multiple challenges in terms of content and implementation process. Therefore, this research aims to diagnose the issue with the mentioned policy. In this regard, data was collected through the examination of available reports, as well as interviews with ten stakeholders of the stated policy. The data was analyzed using Thematic analysis. Finally, 18 challenges were identified in two Groups: the policy content (7) and the implementation process (11). Among the most critical challenges are "Breaking down research fund of eligible institution by dividing them into 60-40 percent" and "Lack of supervision over the researcher selection process."Increasing the share of expense that firms must incur through the Sate system and providing the opportunity to benefit from the capacities of technology exchange brokers are among the recommendations to reform the policy.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Research fund
  • Sate
  • Policy
  • Budget Law
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