Synthetic Approach of Classical Concepts of Agility and Interpretive Structural Modeling for Designing of Agile Supply Chain: A Process View of Organizational Agility (Case Study: Distribution Industry)

Document Type : Research Article (Original Article)


1 PhD in Business Management, Faculty of Management and Accounting, Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, Iran.

2 MSc in Industrial Management, Faculty of Management and Economics, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran.

3 MSc in Business Management, Faculty of Management, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran.


Unexpected changes in the business environment due to varying needs of the customers lead the organizational attention to agility as the essential characteristic for their survival and competitiveness in survival in turbulent and volatile markets. On the other hand an organization’s agility depends on its supply chain be agility. The purpose of this paper is to identify the key process variables of supply chain agility and employing them in a synthetic approach of classical concepts of agility and Interpretive Structural Modeling(ISM). Thereby this variables are structured to determine their relationships and to reach a new conceptual model for improving supply chain agility in the distribution industry. Eventually 23 main factors have been identified and categorised in the classical model of agility and their relationships and their levels has been studied with ISM method.