Validation of technology acquisition methods in the development process of an Iranian defense industry

Document Type : Research Article (Original Article)


1 Ph. D. Student of Management of Technology, Department of Management and Accounting, Roudehen Branch, Islamic Azad University, Roudehen, Iran

2 Associate Professor, Faculty of Management and economics, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran

3 Associate Professor, Allameh Tabataba'i University, Tehran, Iran


There are different models and methods for technology acquisition, but making the right choice and optimal use of models and methods plays an important role in success technology acquisition. In this research different methods and models are both introduced and criticized. In addition, a three dimensional model resulting from the interaction of factors related to owner, receiver, and nature of technology was chosen to survey technology acquisition methods in Iran's missile industry. Based on this model, Iran used a combination of "Optimal methods" (such as Human Exchange and Hiring method, Joint research and development method, Education method and Reverse engineering)," Possible but not Optimal methods" (such as Turnkey method) and "Methods not conforming to the selected model" (such as training and internal R&D method) for acquiring different missile technologies. Based on this, Iran has used a wide range of technology acquisition methods simultaneously and in parallel to develop its missile capabilities.


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