ترسیم نقشه راه فناوری با بهره گیری از رویکرد توسعه و تحلیل گزینه های راهبردی: شرکت مزارع نوین ایرانیان

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استادیار گروه مدیریت صنعتی، دانشکده مدیریت و اقتصاد، دانشگاه تربیت مدرس، تهران، ایران.

2 استاد گروه مدیریت صنعتی، دانشکده مدیریت و اقتصاد، دانشگاه تربیت مدرس، تهران، ایران.

3 کارشناسی ارشد مدیریت فناوری اطلاعات، دانشکده مدیریت و اقتصاد، دانشگاه تربیت مدرس، تهران، ایران.

چکیده

توسعه نقشه راه فناوری از جمله ابزارهای نوین مدیریتی است که با رویکردی آینده نگر به فناوری، نقش مهمی در تصمیم‌گیری مدیران ایفا می‌کند، درحالیکه باتوجه به ماهیت موضوع و دیدگاه‌های متعدد متخصصان، ترسیم نقشه راه فناوری از نوع مسائل آشفته بوده و نیازمند ساخت‌دهی است. امروز تغییرات فضای کسب و کار و آشفتگی مسائل مرتبط، سازمان‌ها را ناگزیر به استفاده از رویکردهای ساخت‌دهی مسائل نموده است. رویکرد توسعه و تحلیل گزینه های راهبردی(SODA) از جمله رویکردهای ساخت دهی است که در پژوهش های متعددی به منظور ایجاد همگرایی و توسعه مشارکتی گزینه های راهبردی گسترش یافته است. از این‌روی در پژوهش حاضر با هدف توسعه نقشه راه فناوری، از ظرفیت SODA در نگاشت شناختی، ساخت‌دهی و ایجاد همگرایی بین خبرگان و متخصصان فناوری شرکت مزارع نوین ایرانیان استفاده شده است. لذا با ترسیم نمودارهای نگاشتی و اجرای تحلیل‌های مرکزی، دامنه‌ای و پتانسیل‌ با کمک نرم افزارDecision Explorer شناخت عمیق‌تری از شبکه علی و عوامل تأثیرگذار حاصل شده و درنهایت نقشه راهبردی فناوری شرکت فراهم شده است. نتایج پژوهش به ترتیب براهمیت تأمین منابع انسانی مناسب شرکت با امتیاز دامنه‌ای۱۲ و مرکزی۱۷.۲۷ و همچنین توسعه دپارتمان تحقیق و توسعه با امتیاز دامنه‌ای۱۱ و مرکزیت ۱۷.۲۸ تأکید و گزینه مطالعه و پژوهش فناوری را به عنوان مفهوم پتانسیل که در نگاشت ذهنی تمامی خبرگان وجود داشته است ارائه می نماید.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Technology Road Mapping (TRM) based on Strategic Option Development and Analysis: Mazare Novin Iranian Company

نویسندگان [English]

  • Mahmoud Dehghan nayeri 1
  • Adel Azar 2
  • Shayan Javid Milani 3
1 Assistant Professor, Faculty of Management and Economics, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran.
2 Professor, Faculty of Management and Economics, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran.
3 MSc in Information Technology Management , Faculty of Management and Economics, Tarbiat Modares, Tehran, Iran.
چکیده [English]

Technology road mapping as a novel management tool with the future-oriented vision of technologies amend management decision-making while according to its nature and experts’ different worldviews can be classified as a messy problem, which needs to be structured. Today’s business era fluctuations and their turbulence make the organizations employ problem-structuring methods for survival. Therefore, Strategic Options Development and Analysis (SODA) as a problem-structuring method is employed in several studies with the aim of consensus and collaborative development of strategic choices. Hence, the present study aims to provide a technology roadmap of Mazare Novin Iranian Company using SODA potential in cognitive mapping, structuring and making consensus within the experts. Accordingly, SODA developed issue-based roadmaps for each concept, which lead to a combined strategic roadmap of the firm; it also performed central analysis, domain and potent analysis by the means of Decision Explorer software for shedding light on each concept role and the whole model causality. Findings emphasize Human resources with domain and central scores of 12 and 17.27 and R&D department with the domain and central score of 11 and 17.28, respectively as the most influencers of the firm’s technology development and introduce Research as the potent, which flourished in all interviewees cognitive map.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Technology road map
  • Collaborative modeling
  • Problem-structuring approach
  • SODA methodology
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