Document Type : Research Article (Original Article)
Assistant Professor, Faculty of Literature and Humanities, University of Guilan, Rasht, Iran.
Instructor, Faculty of Literature and Humanities, University of Guilan, Rasht, Iran.
Instructor, Payame Noor University, Talesh, Iran.
This article survey the impact of social capital on the development of knowledge management and its five main processes includes acquisition, record, creation, transfer and application of knowledge in the Universities affiliated with the Ministry of Science, Research and Technology of Gilan. Today, organizations must be able to acquire the knowledge needed for innovation in products and improve processes and publish it among their employees and use in all their daily efforts. Understanding the factors influencing organizational knowledge management is the primary action of effective use of the organization's intellectual capital. The concept of social capital refers to link and communication between members of a network as a source of valuable, and with creating the norms and mutual trust, lead to achieving member goals. In the absence of social capital, other capitals lose their effectiveness and pacing the cultural and economic development and evolution ways is uneven and difficult. This article follows the efficient factors on appropriate implementation of this strategy according to importance of knowledge management in organizations. The main objective of the article is to examine the impact of social capital on the development of knowledge management in universities affiliated with the Ministry of Science, Research and Technology of Gilan. Due to the large size of research community, in data gathering phase, is used from a stratified random sampling. This research in terms of purpose is applied and in terms of data gathering is descriptive-correlation and specifically is based on structural equation modeling. After data gathering, for investigate the relationship between variables and hypothesis test, is used from lisrel and spss software. The results show that the social capital has positive and significant impact on knowledge management and its five main processes.