Document Type : Research Article (Original Article)
Associate Professor, Faculty of Management and Industrial Engineering, Malek Ashtar University of Technology, Tehran, Iran.
Associate Professor, Faculty of Management and Economics, Imam Hossein University, Tehran, Iran.
PhD candidate of Industrial Engineering, Faculty of Management and Industrial Engineering, Malek Ashtar University of Technology, Tehran, Iran.
MSc in Business Administration.
To meet the ever changing demand of today's environment, firms need to be flexible, adaptive, entrepreneurial and innovative. In addition, there must be an appropriate style of leadership to master these changes. Yet, there is little empirical evidence to simultaneously study the relationship among the key elements of transformational leadership, adaptability culture and organizational innovation. Hence this study attempts to investigate the impact of transformational leadership and adaptability culture upon organizational innovation in the context of selected firms in supply chain of defense technologies. Using the structural equation modeling technique, results from the analysis of data from 217 collected questionnaires indicate that transformational leadership, beyond its direct influence, exerts indirect impact upon organizational innovation through the mediation of adaptability culture and that the extent of indirect effect is significantly higher than that of direct one. There are also some discussions about the results of the study and some suggestions for improving the organizational innovation in target units.